IMAGE AND ENTRY REQUIREMENTS
This exhibition is open to anyone; however, an entry may be rejected when the Sponsor or the Exhibition
Organizers, in their reasonable discretion, believes the entry does not conform to exhibition rules and these
Conditions of Entry. Membership in any photographic organization is not required.
Sanctions: Entries will not be accepted from any entrant who is currently sanctioned by PSA.
PSA Star Ratings
To receive proper Star ratings credit from PSA, entrants must provide their names and country exactly the
same in each exhibition. Aliases are not permitted. Please contact PSA in the event of name changes or relocating
to another country.
Entries must originate as photographs (image‐captures of objects via light sensitivity) made by the entrant
on photographic emulsion or acquired digitally.
By virtue of submitting an image, the entrant certifies the work as his or her own (Images may not
incorporate elements produced by anyone else (for example: clip art, images or art by others downloaded from the
Internet). Aliases are not allowed. The entrant permits the sponsors to reproduce all or part of the entered material
free of charge for publication and/or display in media related to the exhibition. This may include low resolution
posting on a website. Note: Entrants who indicate that their images may not be reproduced or used “will not be
eligible for awards” or inclusion in audio‐visuals of the exhibition “and could be subject to disqualification” by the
exhibition sponsors. The exhibition assumes no liability of any misuse of copyright.
Alteration and Computer Generation Subject to Divisional restrictions (particularly Nature, Photo Travel,
and Photojournalism) images may be altered, either electronically or otherwise, by the maker. Adjustments to
enhance images or creatively modify images are allowed providing the underlying photograph is retained in a way
that is obvious to the viewer. Images may not be constructed entirely with a computer, and must be the sole work
of the author.
Re‐use of accepted images: Once an image has been accepted in a PSA Recognized exhibition, any identical
image, or near identical image, may not, in future, be entered or re‐entered in any section of the same Division Star
Ratings class in that exhibition regardless of media, format, or title; may not be re‐titled for entry into any other PSA
Recognized exhibition, including translation into another language.
Entry: An Entry consists of, up to and including, four (4) images entered by a single Entrant into the same Section.
An entrant may only enter a specific Section once.
Each image must have a unique title. That unique title must be used for entry of that image or of an Identical
Image into any and all PSA‐Recognized exhibitions. Titles must be 35 characters or fewer. No titles may be visible to
the judges, and nothing in the image may identify the maker. Titles must not include file extensions such as .jpg or
.jpeg (or any other camera capture filenames), or words such as "untitled" or "no title". Titles may not consist solely
Color and Monochrome:
Color and Monochrome images from the same capture that share substantial pictorial content in common
will be considered the same image and must be given the same title.
However, PSA members working on Galaxy and Diamond Star Ratings are allowed to continue using
different titles of monochrome versions and color versions of the same capture that have already been accepted
until the required number of acceptances for those titles has been completed.
ACCEPTING DIGITAL ENTRIES
All entries submitted through our website online registration process. The image must not exceed 1024
pixels wide by 768 pixels. File size is preferred within 1 MB. The files must be in JPG format and at 300 dpi
resolution (for catalogue purposes). Please note that this print resolution setting has no effect on the quality of
your projected image. Image titles must not exceed 35 characters.
We suggest you project and review your images at 100% magnification before submission. Your digital
images are presented for assessment by our judges using a Colour calibrated digital display with a native resolution
of 1024 x 768 pixels.
The Exhibition will be conducted in accordance with the rules of the PSA.
An entrant’s images will not be presented to the judges consecutively. An entrant’s four images will be distributed
throughout four rounds of judging in that section. Distribution of images will be in the same round order as
submitted by the entrant.
An image may be entered in only one section where acceptances of that image in multiple sections would be eligible
for the same star path.
Judges will view the images remotely at their own equipment (monitors) with minimum display a native
resolution of 1024 x 768 pixels.
There will be 3 judges in each section for total of 3 rounds of judging. The process will start with Round 1
where each of the 3 judges will mark each photograph based on their merit following the standards set by PSA on
a scale of 5. The second round is conducted on a scale of 25 following which the award round or the third round is
conducted. Each image is judged based on the score of the second round and then each award is declared based on
the decision of the jury.
Target range: This should not be less than 20% or more than 35%.
By entering this exhibition, you are explicitly consenting to the personal details you have supplied, including
email addresses, being held, processed and used by the exhibition organizers for purposes associated with this
exhibition. You also explicitly consent to such information being sent to organizations that have accorded official
recognition, patronage or accreditation to this exhibition. You acknowledge and accept that entering this exhibition
means that the status and results of your entry may be made public.
Breaches of Rules
If, at any time, it is determined in the reasonable discretion of the exhibition organizer or the judges before,
during, or after the judging of an exhibition that an entrant has submitted entries where one or more images may
fail to comply with these Conditions of Entry, including the stated definitions, the exhibition organizers reserve the
right to delete the entry from the exhibition and void any or all acceptances or awards in connection with the
exhibition. Fees may be forfeited or refunded in these circumstances. The entrant acknowledges that the decision
of the exhibition organizers or the judges is final.
In order to ensure that images comply with the Conditions of Entry and definitions, the exhibition organizers
may carry out reasonable measures to verify that:
a) the images are the original work of the entrant and
b) the images comply with the rules and definitions as set out in these Conditions of Entry.
These steps include, but are not limited to, questioning any entrant, requiring the submission of RAW files
or other digital files representing the original capture of the submitted image(s), confronting the entrant with
evidence that one or more submitted images fails to comply with the Conditions of Entry (also known as Entry
Rules), and offering the entrant a reasonable opportunity to provide counter evidence to refute the exhibition
organizer’s evidence by a set deadline. Such entries that are not cleared or are still questionable after the entrant
has presented evidence may be considered in breach of these Conditions of Entry, and declined. Such entries may
be referred to PSA for further investigation of possible ethics violations.
PSA retains the right to investigate in any way all complaints/suspicions of breaches of entry conditions,
impose sanctions if deemed necessary, void the acceptances of any image found to violate the PSA rules, include
the entrant’s name on the list of sanctions provided to Exhibitions, and share such investigations with FIAP. Entrants
automatically agree to these terms by the act of entering the Exhibition and agree to cooperate with any
If another party is submitting images on the entrant’s behalf, the entrant will still be held responsible for
adhering to these Conditions of Entry (Entry Rules) and will be subject to sanction for any violations to these
Conditions of Entry and PSA’s Statement of Ethics that may result.
When an entrant fills in the Entry Form to submit an entry the entrant will see a feature to affirm he or she
has read these Conditions of Entry when he or she fills out the entry form. If the entrant does not so affirm the
entry will not be submitted.
PSA Statement on Subject Matter|
There is one hard and fast rule, whose spirit must be observed at all times and applies to all sections offered
in PSA recognised exhibitions.
The welfare of the subject is more important than the photograph.
This means that practices such as baiting of subjects with a living creature and removal of birds from nests,
for the purpose of obtaining a photograph, are highly unethical, and such photographs are not allowed in any PSA
There is also a PSA policy on the use of aerial photography ‐ aircraft, helicopters and drones. This policy can
be found at
The purpose of this policy is to prevent any interference with other individuals or animals which will or may
cause a disturbance in their normal activity or disrupt the way any individuals or animals interact with their
environment. Entry in this exhibition requires exhibitors to agree to this and other PSA policies.
The content of images must comply with these General Conditions and with the Division and Section
definitions listed in these conditions. Images that ‐ in the sole opinion of the judges or the Exhibition Organizers ‐
do not comply are likely to be disqualified so the entrant may be aware of the problem when considering entry into
other PSA recognized exhibitions.
PSA Monochrome Definition|
An image is considered to be Monochrome only if it gives the impression of having no color (i.e. contains
only shades of grey which can include pure black and pure white) OR it gives the impression of being a greyscale
image that has been toned in one color across the entire image. (For example by Sepia, red, gold, etc.) A greyscale
or multi‐colored image modified or giving the impression of having been modified by partial toning, multi‐toning or
by the inclusion of spot coloring does not meet the definition of monochrome and shall be classified as a Color
Monochrome images may be entered in PID Color sections but will only be eligible towards PID Color Star
Ratings if accepted.
PSA/FIAP Nature Definition
Nature photography is restricted to the use of the photographic process to depict all branches of natural
history, except anthropology and archeology, in such a fashion that a well‐informed person will be able to identify
the subject material and certify its honest presentation.
The story telling value of a photograph must be weighed more than the pictorial quality while maintaining
high technical quality.
Human elements shall not be present, except where those human elements are integral parts of the nature
story such as nature subjects, like barn owls or storks, adapted to an environment modified by humans, or where
those human elements are in situations depicting natural forces, like hurricanes or tidal waves.
Scientific bands, scientific tags or radio collars on wild animals are permissible.
Photographs of human created hybrid plants, cultivated plants, feral animals, domestic animals, or mounted
specimens are ineligible, as is any form of manipulation that alters the truth of the photographic statement.
No techniques that add, relocate, replace, or remove pictorial elements except by cropping are permitted.
Techniques that enhance the presentation of the photograph without changing the nature story or the
pictorial content, or without altering the content of the original scene, are permitted including HDR, focus stacking
Techniques that remove elements added by the camera, such as dust spots, digital noise, and film scratches,
Stitched images are not permitted.
Color images can be converted to greyscale monochrome.
Infrared images, either direct‐captures or derivations, are not allowed.
Images entered in Nature sections meeting the Nature Photography Definition above can have landscapes,
geologic formations, weather phenomena, and extant organisms as the primary subject matter. This includes
images taken with subjects in controlled conditions, such as zoos, game farms, botanical gardens, aquariums and
any enclosure where the subjects are totally dependent on man for food.
Attention is drawn to the PSA Statement on Subject Matter which applies to all sections.
PSA Photojournalism definition
Photojournalism entries are images with informative content and emotional impact, reflecting the human
presence in our world. The journalistic (story‐telling) value of the image should receive priority over pictorial quality.
Images that misrepresent the truth, such as those from events or activities arranged specifically for photography,
or of subjects directed or hired for photography, are not eligible.
Techniques that add, relocate, replace, remove or change any element in the original scene, except by
cropping, are not permitted. All images must look natural. The only allowable modifications are removal of dust,
scratches or digital noise and restoration of the appearance of the existing scene, or complete conversion to
greyscale monochrome. Other derivations, including infrared, are not eligible.
Attention is drawn to the PSA Statement on Subject Matter which applies to all sections.